Circumnavigation of the world

1. Who supported the expeditions

The Crown of Castile was the one that supported the expedition of the circumnavigation . Magellan , as Christopher Columbus , who died some years ago , asked for support to the Portuguese Monarchs , but they refused . Then he went to ask for support to the Spanish Monarchs , who inmediatly accepted to suppor the expeditions .
Ferdinand Magellan changed his nationality into Spanish nationality and he asked for these to the King Charles I because the Kingdom of Portugal did not want to support the expedition . The 28 of March , 1518 , the capitulations ( surrenders ) where signed and agreed .
Charles I of Spain (Crown of Castile) and V of Germany was the son of Joanna the Mad (daughter of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Arangon) and Philip the Handsome (son of Maximilian of Hapsburg and Mary of Burgundy). He married to Elizabeth of Abis and he was the grandson of the Catholic Monarchs (Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon).
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2. Objectives of the expedition .

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Ferdinand Magellan was convinced that the world was round and that he could reach the Moluccas by crossing a passage that conected Americas' waters and India's waters ( Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean ) .

Ferdinand thought that the passage that connected both oceans was the Plata River . The aim of the expedition was to find a passage that connected both oceans and so they had a faster an safer Sea Route to trade with the Spices Land. This was because they needed spices to cook and because most of the trade route with the Spices Land ( alos called Maluku Islands or Moluccas ) were owned by the Portuguese ( from the Kingdom of Portugal ).

The objective of reaching a passage between both oceans (which was the main objective) was proved. However, it wasn't the River Plate , it was the Strait of Magellan, which they found after searching for a passage in the River Plate but then they continued sailing south along the Coast of South America and they found it.

3 Ferdinand Magellan

He was an portuguese explorer , but he changed his nacionality into Spanish nacionality . He tried to circumnavigated the world but he died during the voyage .However , he made a great discovery because he and his expedition discovered the Strait of Magellan .
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4 Juan Sebastian Elcano

Here is a video that explains the circumnavegation of the world with Juan Sebastianl Elcano.
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5.Preparations for the expeditions

5.1Their Project

In October 1517, in Seville,Ferdinand Magellan contacted Juan de Aranda and Rui faleiro. Then they presented their project to the King Charles I of Spain and V of Germany.Magellan's project to open the sea route was interesting and so the King Charles I named him and Faleiro captains so that thry could captain the boats in the expedition
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Magellan attemped to receive funds from the King of Portugal, but he would not fund this voyage because he saw no need such as a frivorous expenditure. Magellan then turned to King Charles of castille for support. Magellan convinced the King that this voyage would be useful to show that the Spice Islands were proverty of Spain, not Portugal. the dispute over these that the Spice Islands were property of Spain, not Portugal. The dispute over these islands was significant because the possession of these islands would bring vast wealth to the owner. King Charles I saw this as an opportunity to gain status and wealth for his country and gave Magellan his funding.
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6.The trip

6.1 How did they get back?
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It was difficult for them to get back because they had many problems with the weather and they lost their boats and many people died due to scurvy and the rest were made prisioners

6.2What happened to the Victoria and its crew ?

The boat Victoria saliled with 47 men but the weather such as the sroms external image ferdinand-magellan-3.jpg
and the problems oblied the crew to stop in Portuguese waters and then return to Seville ,
where they told the consequences and the
adventures of the voyage to King Charles I .

6.3 Problems and adventures during the explorations
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They had great problems with the cargo because there was not enough food and many members of the crew died due to this and alos because of scurvy. They had to stop in land where some men were made prisioners and were some ships were lost. The weather affected
the expedition because the boats were damaged in storms. Also the expedition tried to conquist new lands but failed.

6.4 Oceans
During the voyage they went though different oceans : Altantic Ocean ,Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean.In this waters they found shelter sometimes and storms more frecuently than shelter.They also discovered new territories and they got spices.

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7.Consequences of the exploration and trip

Age of Exploration: Conclusion
The exploration lasted · years, from 1519 to 1522. during these years the world was completely sorrounded, which made the people think and bring their conclusions to an end. They got several conclusions:

  • Conclusion of the Earth's shape:

With this voyage, they prooved that the earth was round, this made a big shock in the science´s lield and in the geographers.
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