6. The Trip

6.1 How and where did they start?

Ferdinand Magellan, Juan de Aranda and Rui Faleiro presented their project to the Spanish King, Charles I. Magellan's project was interesting for the King Charles I, because it would open the spices route, without damaging their relationship with the Portuguese. On 22 March, 1518 the King Charles I named Rui Faleiro and Ferdinad Magellan captains so that they could travel and search for the Spices Land ( or Moluccas ) and a passage that connected the Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean.
external image indian-ocean-map.gifexternal image 79284.png

From this point on , they started to prepair the expedition and althought they had problems, on August 10, 1519 they sat sail form Cadiz to Sanlúcar de Barrameda. After this, they put up in several ports and finally the 20 September, 1519 they started their voyage.
external image sanlucar-de-barrameda.png external image mapa-seville-imagen.jpg

6.2 Why and where did they stop?

external image H26194PortugalCary.jpg

During the voyage they had to stop for several times. Sometimes they were looking for a passage and they also stopped to take potable water (also called drinking water) and food, in order to survive during the long voyage. They also had to stop because some of the territories they were sailing along belonged to the Kingdom of Portugal, which wanted to stop Magellan's expedition.

When they set sail from Sanlucar de Barrameda, the King Manuel I, who was a Portuguese King, sent a group of potuguese soldiers to catch the expedition. Magellan's expedition avoided them by stopping in the Canary Islands, in the northwest coast of Africa.

Then , the expedition stopped in Cape Verde which was Portuguese territory and afterwards they set sail for Brazil. The problem that they had was that Brazil belonged to the Portuguese Kindgom and so the expedition wanted to avoid those territories.
external image cape_verde_islands.jpg external image brazil4.gif

They continued sailing south along the Atlantic Ocean to South America.The 27 of November, 1519, the expedition had crossed the Equator but they didn't see the coast of South America until the 6 of December, 1519.
external image 5000-pic-equator.gif

external image plata.gif
The 13 December, 1519, they stopped in Rio de Janeiro and as it was Portuguese territory, the
expedition wanted to set sail as soon as possible but they couldn't. The bad conditions delayed the
expedition but finally they could set sail and continued exploring the South American coast searching
for the long- waited passage that will lead the expedition to the Spices Land. The 10 January, 1520
they reached the River de la Plata where the expedition spent more than a month exploring its estuary
because Magellan thought that it was the passage that connected both oceans. Finally, they realized that it wasn't the passage and this affected their calculations.

external image 752px-Strait_of_Magellan.jpg

After this, they continued sailing south along the South American coast and then they had some problems from the 30 march, 1520 ( when the crew stablished in Port Saint Julian) to around the 2 April, 1520 but the 21 of October, 1520 the expedition reached the Virgins Cape and the expedition distinguished a passage because of the colour of the water. They sailed through this passage which they first called the All Saints Strait. It was later called the Strait of Magellan in his honour.

6.3 How did they get back?

As some of their calculations were wrong and they had problems with the boats, scurvy, weather... the rest of the voyage was very difficult for the expedition.

After crossing the Strait of Magellan, they continued sailing west along the Pacific Ocean. They reached the Philippines wre Magellan died and Elcano took command of the expedition.
external image pacific_ocean_map.jpg external image philippines_map.jpg

They reached the Moluccas on the 8 of November . There they took a cargo of 700 kg of clove ( 700 lbs). Then they sailed to the African Coast to the Moluccas, on the 21 of December, 1521.

Due to the hard and extreme conditions ,the boat Concepcion was burnt down and its crew and cargo were divided into the 2 boats left, Trinidad and Victoria.
external image Detail_from_a_map_of_Ortelius_-_Magellans_ship_Victoria.png
Espinosa was leading the boat Trinidad and he was incharge of it while Elcano was incharge of the boat Victoria. They were afraid of the Portuguese and so the expedition agreed that the boat Trinidad was going to sail to the North, to reach "Spanish" colonies, while the boat Victoria was going to sail to the along the African Coast.

The boat Trinidad sailed until reaching 42º of North latitude but due to the extreme weather conditions, they sailed back to the Moluccas. In the Moluccas the situation had changed beacuse the Portuguese were now in the Moluccas. The Portuguese had 7 boats and they made the 48 men of the crew their prisioners and the boat Trinidad sinked. Only 4 men survived, because the others died in the cells of the Portuguese boats.

6.4 What happened to the Victoria and its crew?

The boat Victoria sailed with 47 men - some of them were vatives from the Moluccas - to the African Coast on the 21 of December, 1521. To avoid problems with the Portuguese, Elcano sailed along the interior of the Indian Ocean. They tried to reach the Cape of good Hope but they could not because the crew had to sotp and take food. They tried to reach the Atlantic Ocean but the climatic conditions did not allow them.

At last, on the 18 of May, the boat Victoria sailed to the Atlantic Ocean but very close to the African Coast. Then they reached Cape Verde which was in possesion of the Portuguese but thye needed to stop there because they did not have enough food for the crew.

external image Cape-Verde-Islands-Map-022.jpg
The 9 of June, they entered into Santiago's inlet and they tried to trick the Portuguese. They needed money to buy food and they could sell some of their spices. They decide to tell the Portuguese that their boat had suffered a big storm when they came back from the Antilles and they reached the Portuguese waters because of that and they landed in Cape Verde.The portuguese believed Elcano's lie. during 3 voyages, a little boat from the Victoria went tothe port and brought them potable water (or drinking water) but the money of teh expedition had finished in the in the 4º voyage and the natives and the spices in the boat could be discovered. Their situation was extreme because they did not have enough food yet. Elcano decided to send some men to the port with some spices to sell them. But instead of the little boat which came with the food,soon came a boat with the Portuguese ready to fight and with weapons because they had realised Elcano's trick when they saw the spices. Elcano decided to sail with only 18 men, they ran away from the Portuguese. Soon, 4 Portuguese boats chased the boat but thanks to the dark of the night and the weight of the valued cargo that the Victoria threw to the sea, the Victoria scaped.

Finally, after all the problems of the water that came into the boat, the crew saw the Cape of San Vicente on the 4 of September and 2 days after, they entered Sanlucar de Barrameda. The boat was such as in extreme conditions that it had to be towned to Cadiz. Then, Elcano wrote a letter to Charles V to tell him about the voyage. The men who survived were the first 18 men to cicumanvigate the Earth.